Jumat, 31 Agustus 2012

Perbedaan COUNT AND UNCOUNT


COUNT AND UNCOUNT WITH DIFFERENT MEANING

A.    Introduction
In English, as in many other languages, nouns are divided into two categories, known as "count nouns" and "non-count nouns".  These are sometimes called "countable nouns" and "uncountable nouns".

B.     Count Noun
Count nouns are nouns that refer to things that can be multiplied or counted, for example:
Notice that this, that, these, and those have been included because like the word the, they mark a definite noun rather than a general one.
a, an
the
this, that
these, those
no article
Countable singular  
Countable singular    
Countable singular    
 
 

Countable plural

Countable plural
Countable plural

Uncountable


Uncountable
Countable Singular: 
·         She peeled the orange.  
·         He drove the car
·         Did they see this movie?
Countable Plural: 
·         I love to watch the squirrels play. 
·         Does Patricia want these videos?  
·         I think she prefers those videos that are on the next shelf.  
·         Dogs are faithful to their owners. (no article)

C.    Non-Count Noun
Non-count nouns are nouns that refer to generalisations, concepts or substances, things that cannot be put in the plural; for example.
·         water, oxygen, eternity, psychology, anger, politics, heat, alcohol.... and so on.
Uncountable: 
·         The heat is awful today
·         Thunder scares me. (no article)
Plurals: Although uncountable nouns do not usually take a plural form, they can when used in a countable sense.
  • ·most countable nouns can be made plural adding s, or ies (study, studies)
  •  uncountable nouns can't be made plural at all
  •  nouns used in a countable sense can be made plural
  •  nouns used in an uncountable sense can't have a plural form.
No Plural
Plural
 uncountable noun  
countable noun 
uncountable Use  
countable use    

            So far, so good!  That is relatively simple to follow. Concrete objects and items can be counted, concepts and abstractions cannot. But unfortunately, this easy distinction does no take into account all nouns.
Understand that some nouns are both noncount and count.
            Sometimes a word that means one thing as a noncount noun has a slightly different meaning if it also has a countable version. Remember, then, that the classifications count and noncount are not absolute.
Time is a good example. When you use this word to mean the unceasing flow of experience that includes past, present, and future, with no distinct beginning or end, then time is a noncount noun. Read this example:
Time dragged as Simon sat through yet another boring chick flick with his girlfriend Roseanne.
Time = noncount because it has no specific beginning and, for poor Simon, no foreseeable end.
Uncountable (general) Use
Countable (specific) Use
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
I have heard about the beauties of the French countryside.
He likes to eat cake.
He brought four double-fudge chocolate cakes to the party.
She has gorgeous hair.
The detective found several blond hairs on the body of the victim.
Anthropology is the study of man.
Those men standing at the coffee machine were my teachers last year at school.

When time refers to a specific experience which starts at a certain moment and ends after a number of countable units [minutes, hours, days, etc.], then the noun is count. Here is an example:
On his last to Disney World, Joe rode Space Mountain twenty-seven times.
Times = count because a ride on Space Mountain is a measurable unit of experience, one that you can clock with a stopwatch.
Countable—concrete and specific
 
Uncountable—abstract;  general statement of fact
The lectures were scheduled once a week during the summer. We went to hear all eight lectures.
lecture
He hates lectures.
Kids can make a lot of different noises. (different kinds of sounds)
noise
Kids can make a lot of noise. (Kids, generally, make noise, and a lot of it!)
For Sale: House with 6 rooms and a barn
room
There wasn’t any room for me on the plane. (room, meaning space)
We had three great meals at the hotel.
meal
It’s not healthy to skip meals.
The Mona Lisa is a famous work by DaVinci. There are three other Da Vinci works in the museum.
work
All the work he does is done very carefully.